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Jumat, 25 Desember 2009


Palembang city is divided into 16 districts and 107 urban villages, these districts are:

* Ilir Timur I
* Ilir Timur II
* Ilir Barat I
* Ilir Barat II
* Seberang Ulu I
* Seberang Ulu II
* Sukarame
* Sako
* Bukit Kecil
* Kemuning
* Kertapati
* Plaju
* Imperata wide
* Mature Borang

Area Boundaries

* North side; with Fortress Base Village, the Village and Village Kenten Spinner, Coconut Talang District, District Banyuasin
* South side; with Lily Village Sub Inderalaya Ogan Ilir and District GELUMBANG Muara Enim
* West side; with Sukajadi Village District Banyuasin Regency Coconut Gutters
* East side; with Makmur Central District District Banyuasin I Banyuasin

Climate and Topography

Climate It is a tropical climate with relative humidity wind, wind speed ranges from 2.3 km / h - 4.5 km / hour. The temperature ranges of 23.4 to 31.7 degrees Celsius. Annual rainfall ranges from 2000 mm - 3000 mm. Humidity ranged from 75 to 89% with an average of 45% of the sun shines. Land is relatively flat topography and low. Only a small portion of the land area of the city lies in the high places, namely in the northern part of town. Most of the land is so marshy areas during the rainy season the area was inundated. The average altitude of between 0 to 20 mdpl.

In 2002 the minimum temperature occurs in the month of October 22.70 C, 24.50 C highest in May. Whereas the lowest maximum temperature of 30.40 C in January and highest in C. Sepetember 34.30 Land is not flooded plains: 49%, seasonally inundated land: 15%, continuously inundated land: 37% and the number of rivers that were still functioning 60 fruit (formerly of 108) the remaining functions as the primary drain.

Relative humid tropics, the temperature between 220-320 Celsius, precipitation 22-428 mm / year, tidal influence between 3-5 meters, and height of an average land 12 meters above sea level.
Sparkling Ampera Bridge at night

Type of Palembang layered soil alluvial, clay and sand, lies in the youngest layers, many contain petroleum, which is also known as the valley of Palembang - Jambi. Land is relatively flat and low, which is located fairly high in the north of the city. Some flooded city of Palembang, even more so when there is continuous rain.

Geographic Location

Geographically, Palembang is located at 2 ° 59'27 .99 "S 104 ° 45'24 .24" longitude. The total area of Palembang city is 102.47 km ² with an average height of 8 meters from the sea surface. Location of Palembang is strategic because it passed by the road linking the Trans Sumatra between regions in the island of Sumatra. In addition there are also in Palembang, Musi River, which traversed Ampera Bridge, which serves as a means of transport and trade across regions.


Sriwijaya Palembang Stadium

Sriwijaya Stadium was built in the framework of the implementation of the National Sports Week XVI in 2004. The shape of the stadium was inspired from the form of boat display well developed and named according to the greatness of the kingdom of Sriwijaya in Palembang centered in the past. In this stadium has held two further matches in the AFC Asian Cup 2007, the Group D qualifier between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain and the seizure of the third place between South Korea and Japan.

In addition, this stadium is the home base for the football club Palembang, Sriwijaya Sriwijaya FC Football Club, which is the pride of the football club Palembang people.


* Rank I cleanest Metropolitan City in Indonesia in 2007 (Verse Award)
* Rank I cleanest Metropolitan City in Indonesia in 2008 (Verse Award)
* ASEAN Environment Sustainable City 2008, as the cleanest city as Asean.


Palembang many people use the buses and urban transportation as a means of transportation. In addition to using the bus and angkot, taxi transportation modes are also widely used community. There are several taxi companies operating in the city. In addition to taxis and urban transportation can be found at Palembang wheeler that serves as a transport housing, where every three-wheeler has a certain color codes may only operate in certain areas in the city of Palembang. As a town crossed by several major rivers, the people of Palembang also known water transport, called the monkey. Ketek is served by crossing the river through various docks along the River Musi, Ogan and Histories. Recently been opened commuter train lines are intended for students who serve Sriwijaya University-Indralaya Kertapati lines. In addition, in early 2010 and the city transportation route city buses in some parts of the city will be replaced by a new form of public transport buses Musi Trans similar to the Trans Jakarta bus in Jakarta. This will continue to be done gradually in other parts of the city in order to reduce the number of public transport in Palembang that more and more and no amount of control and reduce congestion because this vehicle has a special rate path that is separate from other vehicles.

Palembang has an International Airport International Airport of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II (SMB II). The airport is located in the northwest of Palembang, serving both domestic and international flights. The airport is also the embarkation pilgrimage for people of South Sumatra. Lines serving domestic flights Palembang to Jakarta, Bandung, Batam, Pangkal Pinang, and other cities, while international flights serving the Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Malacca, China, and Thailand.

Palembang has a toll road, the Great Wood-Airport Palembang Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II, this highway speed up access to the airport and the Great Wood.

Palembang also has three main ports of New Boom, 36 Ilir Harbor, and Port of Tanjung Api Api. The third port serves to carry passengers using the ferry to Muntok (Bangka) and Batam. Currently under construction the port of Tanjung Api-api which serves to carry passengers and goods in and out of South Sumatra.


Luxury hotels in Palembang, among others:

* Hotel Aryaduta Palembang
* Hotel Novotel Palembang
* Hotel Horison Palembang
* Hotel The Jayakarta Daira Palembang
* Sanjaya Hotel Palembang
* Hotel Swarna Dwipa Palembang
* Hotel Royal Asia Palembang
* Hotel Sahid Imara Palembang
* Hotel Lembang Palembang
* Hotel Princess Palembang

Arts and Culture

The old history of Palembang and the entry of migrants from other regions, has made this city as a multi-cultural city. Had lost its function as a major port city's population was then adopted the culture of coastal Malays, and Javanese. Even now it can be seen in its culture. One of them is language. Words such as "mace (the door)", "pawpaw (banana)", is one example. Was knighted Javanese, such as Raden Mas / Ayu. The tombs of the Islamic heritage was not different in form and coraknya with Islamic tombs in Java. The city has a large enough Tionghoa community. Foods such as pempek or Tekwan made from fish impressive "Chinese" taste "the thick of Palembang society.

Art is located in Palembang, among others:

* Art Dul Muluk (traditional drama performances Palembang)
* Dances like Gending Sriwijaya held a reception to the guests, and dance that was exhibited in Tanggai wedding reception
* Regional Songs such as decks Sangke, Cuk Ilang Mak, CEO, and Ribang Kemambang
* Traditional House of Palembang is Limas House and House Raft

Palembang is also always held a variety of festivals every year, among others "Sriwijaya Festival" every month of June in order to commemorate Hari Jadi Kota Palembang, Bidar and Boat Festival celebrates Independence Day Ornamental, and various festivals commemorating the Hijri New Year, Month of Ramadan, and New Year's Day .

Tourism Object

Tourism Object

* River Musi
* Bridge Ampera
* Mosque of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Palembang
* Castle Kuto Besak
* Office Ledeng, now Mayor Office Building
* Kambang Iwak Family Park
* Forest Tourism Punti Kayu
* Archeological Park of Sriwijaya
* Archeological Park Hill Siguntang
* People's Struggle Monument
* Museum Balaputradewa
* Museum of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II

* Crater Tengkurep
* Masjid Cheng-Ho Sriwijaya
* Kampong Kapitan
* Kampung Arab
* Fantasy Island
* Good Yellow
* Craft Center Songket
* Kemaro Island
* Pertamina Oil Refinery
* Plant Fertilizer Pusri
* River Gerong


Phase of Sriwijaya

(See: Kingdom of Sriwijaya)

Hill Kedukan framed inscription AD 682 is the oldest inscription found in Palembang. This inscription tells of a large army coming from Minanga Tamwan with ecstasy. Historians refer to the numbers on this inscription as the birthday of Sriwijaya, Palembang, although the possibility has become the capital of the kingdom prior year.

In the period 850 - 1025 AD, is the richest city of Palembang in South East Asia, it is trading in line with the prosperity of Sriwijaya. In addition to the Far East trade center, at this time of Palembang is also the center of Buddhist teaching. The students from China many stopped in this city to study Buddhism in India before continuing.

In the year 990, from the Kingdom Medang Apo attacked Palembang. In this attack the royal palace was invaded and destroyed Palembang. Culamanivarmadeva However, the king who ruled at the time, can control the situation and hit back at the troops to return to Java Medang. Palembang is prosperous again under attack from foreigners. Rajendra Chola of the Chola kingdom sacked Palembang in 1025. After destroying the king of Palembang and charming, the troops looted treasure Chola kingdom abundant as the spoils of war.

With this attack the kingdom of the situation which resulted in uncontrolled moving of the capital of Srivijaya to Jambi. Since the move into the city of Palembang just a simple port that does not mean more to foreign traders. [3]
The collapse phase of Sriwijaya

After the collapse of Srivijaya, none of the big powers who control the city. At that time in Palembang and the surrounding emerging local forces such as the Great Commander in the lower Yellow River Musi, The Trembling Hills Nature in the region, Mr. Strong Bosai and Master River upstream Histories, Commander Gumay along the Bukit Barisan and so on. In addition some China merchants make this city as their trade base. People also made Palembang Sea as their headquarters for pirate activities.

In this phase,
Prince emerged last Sriwijaya, Parameswara. Following the invasion of Majapahit to Palembang, Parameswara with Sang Nila Utama go Tumasik fled. There he killed the governor Tumasik Thai nationals. When the Thai army will attack Tumasik, Parameswara with his followers moved to Malacca in Peninsular Malaysia, and founded the kingdom of Malacca. After marrying the daughter of Ocean Pasai, Parameswara embraced Islam and changed his name to Sultan Iskandar Shah. The glory of Malacca in the 15th century, making it the sole ruler of the Malacca Strait, and at the time of Palembang is also under his control.
[edit] Phase Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam

(See: Sultanate of Palembang)

Destruction of Majapahit in Java indirectly contributed to the result of a long power Pamalayu expedition in Sumatra. Several key figures behind the collapse of Majapahit as Raden Patah, Ario Dillah (Ario Damar), and Pati Unus the figures closely kaitanya with Palembang. After the Sultanate of Demak which is the replacement of Majapahit in Java stand, in Palembang was soon stood well with the Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam "Mukmiminin Khalifatul susuhunan Sayyidu Abddurrahaman Faith" as the first king. This kingdom to marry the two cultures, maritime heritage of the Sriwijaya and Majapahit and agriculture and trade center of the greatest in the Malay Peninsula at the time. One of the most famous king during this period was the Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II who had won three times in the battle against the European (Dutch and English).
[edit] Phase Colonialism
Logo "Visit Musi 2008"

After the fall of the Sultanate of Palembang Darussalam after the defeat of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II in heavy fighting involving General de Kock, Palembang almost a subordinate kingdom. Some of the sultan after Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II which states surrendered to the Dutch, tried to rebel but all failed and ended with the burning of the imperial buildings. After that Palembang was divided into two major prefectures, and settlements in Palembang is divided into regions and Ulu Ilir.

Palembang city have been declared by the President of Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono as the "City of Water Tour" on September 27, 2005. The President revealed that the city of Palembang be made water attractions such as Bangkok in Thailand and Phnom Penh in Cambodia. The city of Palembang in 2008 welcomed a tour with the name "Visit Musi 2008".

Kamis, 24 Desember 2009


Palembangnese is a member of the Malays family, the people speak Malay as their language but with their own dialect and they called it Bahasa Palembang. Other people that are not native to Palembang but still came from South Sumatra usually blended their language with Bahasa Palembang, such as Bahasa Komering, Lahat, Rawas, etc. There are also the people that came from outer South Sumatra. Most of them are Javanese, Chinese, Arab, Indian, Minangkabau, and Sundanese.

The major religion in Palembang is Muslim. But many of the inhabitants also practice Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Konghucu.


Palembang is the capital city of South Sumatra Province of Indonesia. It was formerly known as the capital city of the ancient Kingdom of Srivijaya. Located on the Musi River banks on the east coast of southern Sumatra island, it has an area of 400,61 square kilometres and a population of 1.441.500. Palembang is the second-largest city in Sumatra after Medan and the seventh-largest city in Indonesia.

Palembang landmarks include the Ampera bridge and the Musi River which divides the city into two, Seberang Ilir to the north and Seberang Ulu to the south. The Seberang Ilir is the economic and cultural centre and the Seberang Ulu is the political centre.

The city was once the capital of the ancient, Buddhist kingdom of Srivijaya that controlled a large part of what is now Malaysia and Indonesia. Following a 1025 raid by the Chola Empire (In the period of Emperor Rajendra Chola I) of southern India it began to gradually decline in importance. Srivijaya's capital eventually moved northward to Jambi. Palembang is also the origin of Parameswara, founder of the Malacca Sultanate.

The architectural legacy of Dutch colonization is still visible in the city. Deep-water port facilities are built along the Musi River, which flows through the city.

The naval Battle of Palembang was fought near the city during the Second World War between February 13-February 15, 1942.